Archive for the ‘Raj Rajaratnam’ Category

October 13, 2011    11:18 am

The fallen hedge fund billionaire Raj Rajaratnam received the longest prison sentence on record for insider trading on Thursday, a watershed moment in the government’s aggressive two-year campaign to root out the illegal exchange of confidential information on Wall Street.

Judge Richard J. Holwell sentenced Mr. Rajaratnam, the former head of the Galleon Group hedge fund, to 11 years in prison. Mr. Rajaratnam was also fined $10 million. A jury convicted him of securities fraud and conspiracy in May after a two-month trial.

Calling him “the modern face of illegal insider trading,” prosecutors accused Mr. Rajaratnam of using a corrupt network of well-placed tipsters — including former executives of Intel, I.B.M. and the consulting firm McKinsey & Company — to illicitly gain about $64 million.

“We can only hope that this case will be the wake-up call we said it should be when Mr. Rajaratnam was arrested, ” Preet Bharara, the United States attorney for Manhattan, said in a statement. “Privileged professionals do not get a free pass to pursue profit through corrupt means.”

As Judge Holwell read his sentence in a packed courtroom, Mr. Rajaratnam stood stone-faced. His wife, who did not attend any of the trial proceedings, also showed no emotion. Their three daughters did not attend the sentencing.

Mr. Rajaratnam, 54, who did not testify during his trial, did not speak in the courtroom.

The 11-year sentence was significantly lower than the range of roughly 19 to 24 years requested by the government. Judge Holwell cited Mr. Rajaratnam’s charitable works and his medical problems as reasons to give him a shorter sentence than prosecutors had requested.

The judge said Mr. Rajaratnam had advanced diabetes that was leading to kidney failure. Defense lawyers requested that their client to be sent to the Federal Medical Center in Butner, N.C., part of the federal prison complex where Bernard L. Madoff is serving 150 years for cheating investors.

Mr. Rajaratnam’s prison sentence continues a trend of ever-stiffer penalties against white-collar criminals. Legal experts say the increased prison terms are in part a result of federal sentencing guidelines passed in 1987 that link the length of a sentence to the dollar amount involved in the fraud.

Historically, judges showed leniency when penalizing corporate criminals because they were not seen as a threat to society and they might have empathized with people who often came from similar stations as themselves. But gone, for the most part, are the days of slap-on-the-wrist sentences and “country club” prisons where white-collar defendants would serve short stints in relatively comfortable quarters.

Corporate wrongdoers have received record-length sentences in recent years. In addition to Mr. Madoff, Lee B. Farkas, a former mortgage company executive, received 30 years for his role in a $2.9 billion bank fraud scheme. Last month, Adley H. Abdulwahab, who was convicted of participating in a $100 million fraud scheme that preyed on retirees, was sentenced to 60 years in prison.

On the insider-trading front, judges’ penalties have also been severe. Zvi Goffer, a former trader at Galleon, received a 10-year prison term, matching the longest previous sentence for insider trading. The average sentence of the 13 other defendants connected to Mr. Rajaratnam’s case is about three years.

Legal experts say that because prison terms across all federal crimes have substantially increased over the last two decades, it stands to reason that the length of sentences for executives on Wall Street and in corporate American would also grow.

“Often the question is raised, ‘Why shouldn’t crime in the suites be punished as severely as crimes on the streets?’ ” said Douglas A. Berman, a law professor at Ohio State University who teaches sentencing law and policy. “While that sounds like a sound bite, it’s an important question.”

It is a question that played a crucial role in the debate over the appropriate prison term for Mr. Rajaratnam.

John C. Dowd, Mr. Rajaratnam’s lawyer, had asked the judge to impose a sentence closer to six to eight years, calling the government’s request “grotesquely severe.” In arguing for a lesser term, Mr. Dowd pointed out that a stiff penalty for Mr. Rajaratnam would be on par with the average sentences for violent crimes like kidnapping and sexual abuse.

Advocates of more lenient sentences for insider also say that the crime does not have any real identifiable victims, whereas other white-collar crimes like Ponzi schemes or corporate accounting frauds destroy lives and livelihoods.

Mr. Bharara, the United States attorney, has spearheaded the government’s crackdown on insider trading and disagrees with that view. His office, working in many cases with the Securities and Exchange Commission, has obtained insider-trading charges against 52 people during the last two years.

In a series of public speeches, Mr. Bharara has described the illegal exchange of secret information on Wall Street trading floors as “rampant.” He echoed that view in a talk last week at the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania, the business school from which Mr. Rajaratnam graduated in 1983.

“We’re talking about people, in some instances, who are basically creating a business model for a stable of insider sources,” Mr. Bharara said. “That has been distressing.”

The federal prosecutor also noted the deterrent effect of harsh insider-trading sentences, which are designed to “convince rational business people that the risk is not worth it.”

Another potential deterrent is the unprecedented investigatory tactics and vast resources deployed by federal authorities in their pursuit of Mr. Rajaratnam and his co-conspirators.

For the first time in an insider-trading inquiry, the government used wiretaps to secretly record the phone conversations of hedge fund traders. Mr. Rajaratnam’s cellphone was tapped for nine months during 2008, yielding reams of damning evidence used against him at trial.

“One legacy of this case that Wall Street will be more careful about what they say on telephones than they used to be,” said David Siegal, a white-collar defense lawyer and former federal prosecutor at Haynes & Boone.

Mr. Rajaratnam’s lawyers are expected to focus their appeal on attacking the judge’s decision to admit the wiretapped calls as evidence. They will argue, among other things, that Congress has not authorized the use of wiretap surveillance for insider-trading cases. But most lawyers say the odds of a reversal are low.

“An appeals court will show great deference to the trial court judge on this issue,” Mr. Siegal said.

When federal agents arrested Mr. Rajaratnam almost exactly two years ago, his case brought to mind the insider-trading scandal of the 1980s. Rudolph W. Giuliani, then the top federal prosecutor in Manhattan, brought charges against Ivan Boesky and Michael R. Milken, two of the leading financiers of that era.

The Sri Lankan-born Mr. Rajaratnam represented a new breed of Wall Street power player: the hedge fund tycoon. Over the last decade, these money managers, boasting superior performance and princely fees, became among the most powerful players in global finance, controlling more than $2 trillion in assets.

And as their influence and wealth grew — in 2009, Mr. Rajaratnam had a net worth of $1.5 billion, according to Forbes magazine — they attracted attention from regulators.

The government placed Mr. Rajaratnam and his hedge fund, Galleon, which at its peak managed $7 billion, at the center of what it billed as the largest hedge fund insider-trading case ever brought.

During the trial, federal prosecutors played scores of dozens of phone conversations during which Mr. Rajaratnam exchanged illegal stock tips about companies including Goldman Sachs and Google with corporate insiders and fellow traders.

Mr. Rajaratnam must report in 45 days to the Bureau of Prisons, which will assign him to a correctional facility. Until then, he will be confined to his home, a duplex apartment on Sutton Place. With no parole in the federal prison system, he will serve out his entire sentence, though he can get a slight reduction for good behavior.

Despite the Justice Department’s focus on insider trading, Mr. Rajaratnam’s case and the government’s broader crackdown have been something of a sideshow to the larger problems related to the global financial crisis and America’s continued economic woes. For instance, insider trading at hedge funds — and the notion that the stock market is a rigged game — does not rate on the list of grievances from the anti-Wall Street protests spreading across the country.

“Unless people can identify lost money as a result of insider trading, or have had their savings stolen by Madoff, they don’t view their own economic difficulties as being caused by a few bad apples,” said Mr. Berman, the Ohio State law professor. “They see the problems with our economy and financial markets as far more systemic than that.”



Raj Rajaratnam was born on June 15th, 1957 according to

June 15th, 1957

6 + 15 +1+9+5+7 = 43 = his life lesson = what he is here to learn = The party’s over.  This is no fun.


using the number/letter grid:
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9


A = 1 J = 1 S = 1

B = 2 K = 2 T = 2

C = 3 L = 3 U = 3

D = 4 M = 4 V = 4

E = 5 N = 5 W = 5

F = 6 O = 6 X = 6

G = 7 P = 7 Y = 7

H = 8 Q = 8 Z = 8

I = 9 R = 9

Raj Rajaratnam

911 9111912514      45

his path of destiny = 45 = Powerful.  Secrets.  Investigation.  Behind closed doors.  You’re own your own. Fend for yourself. It’s all your fault.




find out your own numerology at:


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