to rape at the United Nations-backed court for Rwanda in Tanzania.Pauline Nyiramasuhuko, who is the only woman to be convicted by the court,
was minister for family and women’s affairs in the Rwandan government when some
800,000 people, mainly ethnic Tutsis, were killed in 1994.
She was accused of direct and public incitement to commit genocide and of
being responsible for rape “as part of a widespread and systematic attack
against a civilian population on political, ethnic and racial grounds,” the
International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) said.
Her son, Arsene Shalom Ntahobali, a militia leader who was jointly charged in
the case, was also convicted Friday of genocide, crimes against humanity
including rape and persecution and war crimes, and sentenced to life in
Four local officials who were accused alongside Nyiramasuhuko and her son
were all found guilty of genocide and other charges. They were handed prison
terms ranging from 25 years to life.
Nyiramasuhuko, who was arrested in 1997 in Kenya, and taken to the U.N. court
in Tanzania to await trial, was found guilty of seven of the counts she faced,
ICTR spokesman Roland Amoussouga told CNN.
They included charges of genocide, conspiracy to commit genocide, war crimes
and crimes against humanity including rape and persecution.
Two charges were dismissed, one of complicity to commit genocide and a second
relating to murder and crimes against humanity. She was also cleared of two
charges, one alleging direct and public incitement to commit genocide and
another of inhumane acts and crimes against humanity.
The court found that Nyiramasuhuko was a member of the Interim Government
that issued directives whose intention “was to encourage the population to hunt
down and take action against the ‘enemy’ and its ‘accomplices’; terms which
referred to Tutsis in general.”
Nyiramasuhuko also participated in many Cabinet meetings at which the
massacre of Tutsis was discussed, “and she took part in the decisions that
triggered the onslaught of massacres in Butare prefecture.”
Between April and mid-June 1994, hundreds of Tutsis were rounded up by
militia members in her home district of Butare and many subjected to assaults
and rape, the court said. During this time, Nyiramasuhuko ordered killings and
“aided and abetted rapes” of vulnerable civilians, some of which were committed
by her son, the court said.
The six sentenced Friday will remain in detention in Tanzania pending an
appeals process. If their convictions are upheld, the head of the tribunal will
then decide what state to transfer them to to serve their sentences, said
Amoussouga, the ICTR spokesman.
The ICTR said it had been a complex and lengthy case, involving 189 witnesses
and almost 13,000 pages of documents.
While Nyiramasuhuko is the only woman to have been convicted by the ICTR,
other women have been jailed for their roles in the genocide by courts
A Roman Catholic nun was sentenced to 30 years in prison by a traditional
Rwandan court in 2006 for her part in the killings. Two other Catholic nuns were
found guilty of genocide charges by a court in Belgium in 2001.
The Rwandan genocide was triggered by the April 6, 1994, shooting down of a
plane carrying the nation’s Hutu president.
Ethnic violence erupted and Tutsis were killed systematically by Hutus.
The United Nations estimates that some 200,000 people participated in the
perpetration of the Rwandan genocide.
In all, 800,000 men, women, and children — mostly Tutsis but
also moderate Hutus — died.
using the number/letter grid:
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
A B C D E F G H I
J K L M N O P Q R
S T U V W X Y Z
A = 1 J = 1 S = 1
B = 2 K = 2 T = 2
C = 3 L = 3 U = 3
D = 4 M = 4 V = 4
E = 5 N = 5 W = 5
F = 6 O = 6 X = 6
G = 7 P = 7 Y = 7
H = 8 Q = 8 Z = 8
I = 9 R = 9
7133955 5799141138326 92
her path of destiny / how she learns what she is here to learn = 92 = Prosecution.