Archive for the ‘2011 new nations’ Category

July 9, 2011 12:07 p.m. EDT

South Sudanese wept openly as they celebrated their independence Saturday,
cheering, whistling and dancing down the streets in a ceremony fitting for the
birth of a new nation.

“We are free at last,” some chanted, flags draped around their shoulders.

A man on his knees kissed the ground.

The red, white and green flag of the newborn nation, readied at half-mast the
day before, was hoisted over the capital of Juba.

Among the world leaders bearing witness on this historic day: United Nations
Secretary General Ban Ki-moon, Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir and South
African President Jacob Zuma.

“This is liberation, a new chapter,” said Abuk Makuac, who escaped to the
United States in 1984 and came back home to attend the independence day

“No more war. We were born in the war, grew up in the war and married in

South Sudan’s sovereignty officially breaks Africa’s largest nation into two,
the result of a January referendum overwhelmingly approved by voters.

The referendum was part of a 2005 peace deal that ended decades of civil war
pitting a government dominated by Arab Muslims in the north against black
Christians and animists in the south. The war killed about 2 million people.

Amid the independence celebrations, some residents paid tribute to relatives
killed in the war.

Independence is just the start

“It is very emotional. I’m excited, but I’m also thinking of all the people
who died for this to happen,” said Victoria Bol, who lost dozens of family

Salva Kiir Mayardit, a former rebel leader who is South Sudan’s first
president, said his people cannot forget years of bloodshed but must now forgive
and move forward. He vowed his people would never again be marginalized.

“As we celebrate our freedom and independence today, I want to assure the
people of Darfur, Abyei and South Kordofan, we have not forgotten you,” he said
referring to three conflict-mired regions.

“When you cry, we cry,” he said. “When you bleed, we also bleed.

In Washington, President Barack Obama issued a statement recognizing South
Sudan’s sovereignty.

“Today is a reminder that after the darkness of war, the light of a new dawn
is possible,” Obama said. “A proud flag flies over Juba and the map of the world
has been redrawn.”

British Foreign Secretary William Hague told the dignitaries gathered that
his nation has opened an embassy in Juba and appointed an ambassador.

flock home for big day

Al-Bashir stood with his former enemies from South Sudan and congratulated
them on their new homeland. He said he believed a united Sudan was still the
best option but supported the dream of the South Sudanese.

The gracious tones sparked a ray of hope that the two sides would get past a
bitter relationship to forge ahead. That journey will hardly be easy as many
challenges await.

South Sudan is among the world’s poorest, with scores who fled the long
conflict coming home to a region that has not changed much over the years.

How to start
a country, South Sudan style

The infrastructure is still lacking — with few paved roads in the new nation
the size of Texas. Most villages have no electricity or running water.

South Sudan sits near the bottom of most human development indices, according
to the United Nations, including the highest maternal mortality and female
illiteracy rates.

Although the north has flourished, the South has not changed much over the
years, said South Sudan native Moses Chol.

“They have schools and clean water, and their children are not dying of
simple diseases,” Chol said, referring to the north. “In the south, people still
drink stagnant water. They have nothing.”

There is also the threat of renewed fighting between the two neighbors.

Clashes have erupted recently in the disputed border regions of Abyei and
South Kordofan.

And despite the 2005 peace deal brokered by the George W. Bush
administration, forces aligned with both sides continue to clash.

from the negotiating table

Abyei was a battleground in the brutal civil war between forces of both
sides. A referendum on whether the area should be part of the north or the South
has been delayed amid disagreements on who is eligible to vote.

The two countries look set to divorce in name only — they have not reached
an agreement on the borders, the oil or the status of their respective

The U.N. Security Council, which voted to send up to 7,000 peacekeepers and
900 uniformed police to South Sudan, is expected to meet Wednesday to discuss
U.N. membership for the new nation.

As dignitaries gathered in the new capital to celebrate the new nation, world
leaders warned of a tough road ahead.

“Their economic prospects are dim unless the two sides can come to agreement
on how to share precious resources, cooperate in other economic areas and
together promote the viability and stability of each other,” the U.S. special
envoy to Sudan, Princeton N. Lyman, said in an editorial to CNN.

Lyman, who attended the ceremony, said both sides want food, education and
security for their families.

“They want the freedom to be able to express their opinions, choose their
leaders and become active participants in political and social life,” he

South Sudan natives such as Makuac admit there are challenges ahead. However,
she is pushing those thoughts to the back-burner for now.

“We have waited so long to get here … I will worry about
that later,” she said. “This weekend, we celebrate.”



South Sudan was born on Saturday July 9th, 2011.

July 9th, 2011

7 + 9 +2+0+1+1 = 20 = South Sudan’s life lesson  = what South Sudan is here to learn and South Sudan’s personal year (from July 9th, 2011 to July 8th, 2012) = Conscience.  Resolutions.  Turning point.  Judgement.  Forgiveness.  Atonement.  Repentance.  Penance.  Contrition.  Reparations.  Making amends.  Restitution.  Pardon.  Clemency.  Reprieve.  Confirm.  Approve.  Recommend.  Appeals.  Resolutions.  Final decision.  Final answer.  Court.  Accuse.  Accusations.  Charges.  Plea.  Bail.  Trial.  Deliberations.  Verdict.  Sentencing.  Judges.  Adjudicate.  Preside.  Referee.  Pound.  Gavel.  Confession.  Admission.  Contrite.  Resuscitative.  Resurrect.  A phoenix.  Born again.  Rebirth.  The afterlife.  Deadlines.  Guilt.  Punishment.  Censure.  Castigate.  Chastise.  Reprimand.  Admonish.  Sanctions.  Expulsion.  Retribution.

20 year + 7 (July) = 27 = South Sudan’s personal month (from July 9th, 2011 to August 8th, 2011) = Fresh start.  Turning over a new leaf.  Brand new.


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